8882.22 - Nursing care for people with somatic diseases I

Course number
Nursing care for people with somatic diseases I
For students to acquire competences in preventive, health promoting, supportive, compensatory and therapeutic nursing for people with physical disease. For students to train practical skills rooted in fundamental needs within specific areas of nursing practice.
Teaching is delivered in the form of both a theory component and a clinical practice component. The contents of the theory component is: • Nursing theory on self-care based on Dorothea E. Orem’s writings • Joyce Travelbee’s nursing theory on the human-to-human relationship • Nursing theory on uncertainty in illness based on Merle H. Mishel’s writings • Drawing on Fundamentals of Care (FoC) as a basis for workings with basic needs that may be threatened by disease • Ida Jean Orlando in relation to initiation of the nursing process • Drafting care plans based on the nursing process • Documenting nursing • Patientology and curology with emphasis on patientology • Clinical decisions in nursing • Ethical reflection in nursing and ethics in relation to patient involvement • Selected respiratory, skeletal and nervous system diseases, as well as selected infectious diseases • Hygiene – normal flora, preventing transmission and preventing infectious diseases • Professional communication and communication exercises • Introduction to pedagogy and didactics in relation to information, guidance and teaching: participant background, condition and context • Introduction to pharmacology • Medication for selected respiratory, skeletal and nervous system diseases, as well as selected infectious diseases • Nursing targeting shortness of breath, fever and immobility The contents of the clinical component in the practice lab is: • Nursing related to shortness of breath and immobility • Transfers from and into bed/chair • Communication exercises, working together and pedagogical exercises • Reflection • Required study activity for workshops on shortness of breath – refer to the portfolio for 2.lh
Learning and teaching approaches
Teaching and learning is organised as alternating lectures, dialogue, cases and discussion of reading questions, group work, self-study and clinical observations and skills lab exercises.
Learning outcomes
Students who successfully complete the module can demonstrate ability to: • Explain Dorothea E. Orem’s theory on self-care and the systems and concepts linked to this theory • Describe key concepts in Joyce Travelbee’s theory on human-to-human relationship • Assess a patient’s need for nursing, draft nursing diagnosis and put forward proposals for preventive, supportive, compensatory and therapeutic nursing for a specific patient • Describe the importance of documenting nursing and demonstrate competence in documenting nursing • Describe the legal responsibilities and duties of nurses in relation to documentation • Describe pedagogical considerations in relation to informing, guiding and teaching patients based on the background, condition and context of participants • Explain considerations in relation to professional communication with patients and relatives • Explain how patients experience disease • Analyse nursing practice questions in relation to shortness of breath, fever and immobility • Carry out nursing practice actions in relation to immobility, shortness of breath, fever and hygiene • Assess working positions and master relevant transfer techniques, as well as use appropriate tools to prevent lesions for themselves, patients and other care providers • Demonstrate skill in transfer techniques, which ensure that patients use their own resources as well as possible • Explain the internal, external and specific immune defence • Explain direct and indirect disease transmission and describe the importance of disease prevention in hospitals • Explain pathophysiological changes in selected respiratory, skeletal and nervous system diseases • Describe which tests and treatments are available for selected respiratory, skeletal and nervous system diseases, as well as selected infectious diseases • Apply subject-specific terminology in pathology (orally and in writing) e.g. concepts such as aetiology, pathophysiology, prophylaxis, clinical and paraclinical exams and prognosis • Describe the responsibility and skills of nurses in relation to handling and administrating medication • Explain chemical absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of selected medication (pharmacokinetics) • Explain the effects and side-effects of selected medication (pharmacodynamics) • Reflect orally on nursing provided • Reflect ethically on situations in nursing • Organise own learning in cooperation with fellow students and teachers
Assessment method
The approval of the required study activity is a pre-requisite for admission to examination assessment. Combined written, practical and oral examination. Refer to the examination requirements.
Marking scale
Refer to the course plan
Marja Lund Gjógvará