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Fyrilestur um Russland og Arktis

Í dag verður ein almennur fyrilestur á Søgu- og Samfelagsdeildini um trygd og ta russisku strategiina í Arktis. Tað er Irina Zhilina, sum í løtuni er gestafyrilestrahaldari á Søgu- og Samfelagsdeildini, ið kemur at greiða frá trygd og tí Arktisku strategiini hjá Russlandi.

Fyrilesturin verður hildin á Søgu- og Samfelagsdeildini, Jónas Broncks gøtu 25, 1. hædd, høli 1, í dag klokkan 15:00. Tiltakið varar umleið ein tíma. Øll eru vælkomin.

Niðanfyri er ein enskur samandráttur av framløguni sum verður í morgin: 

Russian Arctic National Strategy and Security in the Arctic Region.

Irina Zhilina

The security challenges relevant to the Arctic Region are naturally linked to climate change processes, in particular, global warming. In the High North most of the threats are of a non-military character. Furthermore, a great part of security challenges are on the agenda of international cooperation institutions. Except one, military security concerns were emasculated from the table of negotiations at the very birth of the Arctic Council, a major international entity when it comes to Arctic affairs. The discussions on traditional security matters are very limited, only some of them take place bilaterally in less institutionalised frameworks. The multi-level web of institutionalisation that deals with soft security matters is in place and is effectively managed so far, nevertheless, the Arctic Region is still experiencing geopolitical tensions emerging from conflicts of overlapping interests in sovereignty claims (e.g. Beaufort Sea, Lomonosov Ridge), diametrical approaches to some legal regimes (e.g. The Fisheries Protection Zone around Svalbard, navigation via Northern Sea Route (NSR) and Northwest Passage (NWP) and differences in perceptions of scientific data (e.g. viability of fish stocks, the prognosis on natural resources reserves)

All the Arctic States refer to international law in their national strategies and policies for the development of their respective northern territories. From the legal perspective, bilateral negotiations and provisions of Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS) are meant to be the only and overarching international instruments designed to solve any possible conflict of national interests. However, in practice, the stability of the region, a commitment to the rule of law, as well as transparency and accountability are in the hands of national governments and their goodwill. 

The presentation will be devoted to the Russian national strategy in the Arctic Region and its perspective on the changing geopolitical landscape from the security perspective, the particular focus will be on Russia-NATO relations.